General Information: Studies strongly suggest that taurine supplementation, even when taken short-term; may support better physical function, mitigate the cardiovascular risks that can be present after exercising, and improve issues associated with heart failure.12
Taurine may accomplish this by reducing inflammation and lowering blood pressure. Some research suggests that taurine may calm the nervous system and even improve the function of the left ventricle of the heart.
A meta-analysis review published in the journal Food & Function found, after analyzing animal and human studies; that taurine has an effective action against the symptoms of metabolic syndrome.3
The study found that Taurine may reduce triglycerides, prevent obesity, improving insulin resistance, regulate glucose metabolism, lower cholesterol, and reduce blood pressure.
Taurine might also help heal the damage from periodontal disease. Patients with chronic periodontitis were observed to determine if taurine could help the healing process. It was determined that taurine significantly improved the healing process. According to this research, it may have done so by enhancing levels of lipid peroxidation products and antioxidant enzymes.4
A study conducted at the University of Stirling evaluated athletes who ran middle distance races before and after they consumed supplemental taurine. The test-subjects consumed 1,000 milligrams of taurine two hours before running, and they were checked to confirm that there was no effect on the athlete’s respiratory system, heart rate or blood lactate levels. Afterward, 90% of the runners showed faster times. According to this research; there is a 99.3% chance that taurine was responsible for the improved performance of the athletes during the time trial.5
Other studies indicate that taurine may have a powerful mood-boosting effect when combined with caffeine. Scientists have found strong evidence that a combination of taurine and caffeine may improve mood and possibly boost cognitive performance.6
Taurine is one of the most copious amino acids in the human eye; where it exceeds the concentration of any other amino acid. Consequently, recent studies have found that maintaining high levels of taurine is crucial to prevent the degeneration of cells in the eye.7
What is this medicine used for? Taurine may be taken to maintain cognitive performance, support a healthy metabolism, as a powerful antioxidant, and support eye health.
Who shouldn’t take this supplement? Due to a lack of studies on the safety of taurine during pregnancy and breastfeeding it would be best for women who are pregnant or nursing to avoid using it.
What are the precautions when taking this medicine? An oral dose of about 3,000 milligrams per day of taurine is considered safe. But, more studies are required to confirm this. Furthermore, the kidneys will excrete excess taurine; since this could put an unusual strain on the kidneys, (particularly for anyone dealing with kidney problems) you should discuss taking large doses of this supplement with your doctor first.8
What are some possible side effects of this medicine? Taurine is an amino acid that the body synthesizes naturally and is considered a nonessential amino acid. As a naturally produced substance in the body; studies on Taurine have confirmed few adverse effects when consumed in doses of up to 3 grams.9
How is it best taken? Taurine can be administered intravenously or injected intramuscularly.
What do I do if I miss a dose? If you do miss a dose; it’s best to take it as soon as you remember. Although, if it’s almost time for the next dose, just skip the missed one and take your next scheduled dose. Don’t take two doses at the same time.
How should I store this medicine? Store Taurine at between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C) and keep it away from heat, moisture, and light. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Do not flush unused medications or pour down a sink or drain.
General statements: Do not share or take anyone else's medicine. Talk with your healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins. This patient information summarizes the most important information about your medication; if you would like more information, talk with your doctor.
- 1. Yamori Y, Taguchi T, Hamada A, Kunimasa K, Mori H, Mori M. Taurine in health and diseases: consistent evidence from experimental and epidemiological studies. J Biomed Sci. 2010 Aug 24;17 Suppl 1:S6. doi: 10.1186/1423-0127-17-S1-S6.
- 2. Ahmadian M, Dabidi Roshan V, Ashourpore E. Taurine Supplementation Improves Functional Capacity, Myocardial Oxygen Consumption, and Electrical Activity in Heart Failure. J Diet Suppl. 2017 Jul 4;14(4):422-432. doi: 10.1080/19390211.2016.1267059. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
- 3. Chen W1, Guo J1, Zhang Y1, Zhang J1. The beneficial effects of taurine in preventing metabolic syndrome. Food Funct. 2016 Apr;7(4):1849-63. doi: 10.1039/c5fo01295c.
- 4. Sree, S. Lakshmi, and S. Sethupathy. “Evaluation of the Efficacy of Taurine as an Antioxidant in the Management of Patients with Chronic Periodontitis.” Dental Research Journal 11.2 (2014): 228–233. Print.
- 5. Balshaw TG1, Bampouras TM, Barry TJ, Sparks SA. The effect of acute taurine ingestion on 3-km running performance in trained middle-distance runners. Amino Acids. 2013 Feb;44(2):555-61. doi: 10.1007/s00726-012-1372-1. Epub 2012 Aug 2.
- 6. Seidl, R., Peyrl, A., Nicham, R. et al. Amino Acids (2000) 19: 635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260070013
- 7. Ripps, Harris & Shen, Wen. (2012). Review: Taurine: A “very essential” amino acid. Molecular vision. 18. 2673-86.
- 8. Chesney, Russell W, Xiaobin Han, and Andrea B Patters. “Taurine and the Renal System.” Journal of Biomedical Science 17.Suppl 1 (2010): S4. PMC. Web. 25 Sept. 2017.
- 9. Shao, Andrew & N Hathcock, John. (2008). Risk assessment for the amino acids taurine, L-glutamine and L-arginine. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP. 50. 376-99. 10.1016/j.yrtph.2008.01.004.